Papuan Pasts Conferenceのお知らせ

キャンベラに滞在中の菊澤律子会員を通じて、オーストラリア国立大学のAndrew Pawley教授より、本年11月に開催される「Papuan Pasts Conference」の案内が届きました。詳細は以下の通りですので、ご関心のおありの方は、直接Pawley教授まで御連絡下さい。

Draft program for conference


November 27-30, 2000

Research School of Pacific & Asian Studies
Australian National University

This aim of this conference is to bring together scholars from various disciplines - principally archaeology, linguistics, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology and the environmental sciences - to examine questions about the prehistory of the indigenous peoples of Melanesia and eastern Indonesia who speak Papuan (non-Austronesian) languages.

Questions posed by the distribution of language stocks provide one jumping off point for discussion. The 800 Papuan languages present in Melanesia and in the Timor-Halmahera region fall into more than a dozen distinct genetic stocks and isolates, some of which probably derive from very early human settlement of Melanesia. Within the last few millennia one of these stocks, the Trans New Guinea (TNG) Phylum, has undergone a spectacular expansion of its range. Speakers of TNG languages now occupy most of the inhabited regions of New Guinea and are also present in Timor, Alor and Pantar. Whatforces triggered this linguistic expansion? Could it have been associated with the development of root crop agriculture? Why did the TNG expansion not extend to certain regions of New Guinea (much of the Sepik and Ramu basins, parts of the Gulf Province and most of the Bird's Head) or to Island Melanesia? What stories do other disciplines tell about human populations and cultures in New Guinea and Island Melanesia before the arrival of Austronesian speakers in the 4th millenium BP?

The conference is sponsored by the Division of Society and Environment, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, ANU. There will be about 27 invited papers, and comments from a panel including Papua New Guinean scholars. The conference will be open to attendance by the public without charge. For further information contact Andrew Pawley, Dept. Linguistics RSPAS, ANU, Canberra ACT 0200; email: ; ph. 2649-0028 or 6249-2279, or or look up the conference web site:

with link to Abstracts at

A timetable for individual papers will be posted shortly on the Web site.

Time and place

November 27-30 (Monday-Thursday) 2000, Coombs Lecture Theatre, Coombs Building, ANU, daily sessions beginning at 9 am.


The list of participants is given below together with titles. Papers are grouped roughly by discipline. Most people have already provided precise titles; one or two have not and in such cases I have just put in a provisional title preceded by a question-mark.


Jack Golson (ANU)
Who were the Papuans?
Tim Denham (ANU)
Disjuncture or emergence? Implications of the shift from curvilinear to rectilinear cultivation practices in the Wahgi Valley, Western Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea.
Susan Bulmer (Auckland)
Archaeology as Prehistory - A new look at the archaeological evidence for the origins of agriculture in the New Guinea Highlands
Ben Evans and Mary-Jane Mountain (ANU)
Change in Highland settlement and activity in the early Holocene - Nombe and beyond
Pamela Swadling and Robin Hide (Canberra)
Did an agricultural fence in the Sepik-Ramu keep Trans New Guinea speakers out?
Chris Gosden(Oxford)
Possible links between the archaeological evidence and linguistic prehistory in the Bismarck Archipelago
Jim Specht (Australian Museum)
? Issues in the Prehistory of the Bismarck Archipelago

Biological Anthropology

Jonathan Friedlander (Temple U., Philadelphia)
mtDNA haplogroup distributions in New Guinea and Island Melanesia
Simon Easteal (ANU)
The distribution of mitochondrial genome diversity on New Guinea.
Nerida Harley (ANU)
The evolutionary history and affinities of the Papuan speaking people of Papua New Guinea: evidence from autosomal and Y chromosome genetic data
Kuldeep Bhatia (Australian Institute of Health & Welfare, Canberra)
? PNG genetics
Rosalind Harding (Oxford)
Time scales for genetic diversity in Melanesia: a look at some evidence for estimates of 100,000 years or more
Nicola van Dijk (Cairns)
Biological relationships: New Guinea and Australia


Malcolm Ross (ANU)
Pronouns as markers of genetic stocks in non-Austronesian languages of New Guinea and Island Melanesia and Eastern Indonesia
Andy Pawley (ANU)
The Trans New Guinea Phylum: Recent research and its implications
Bert Voorhoeve (Leiden)
Central & South New Guinea reconstructions and subgrouping
Bill Foley (U. Sydney)
Genetic linguistic relationships in the Sepik Basin
Mark Donohue and Melissa Crowther (U. Sydney)
Meeting in the middle: interaction in central-north New Guinea
Ger Reesink (U. Leiden)
Roots and development of West Papuan languages: Papuan elements in West Papuan languages.

The palaeo-environment

John Chappell (ANU)
Palaeogeography -- History of the Fly, the inland sea and evolution of the Sepik-Ramu basin
Geoff Hope (ANU) and Simon Haberle (Monash)
The history of the human landscapes of New Guinea
Ken Aplin (WA Museum)
Faunal sequences, environmental change and faunal exploitation in prehistoric New Guinea: chasing shadows of the PNG Phylum?

Socio-economic systems, environment and language (4 papers)

Paul Roscoe (U. Maine)
Foraging, Domestication, and Papuan Pasts (or, Modern hunter and gatherer/agriculture distributions and parameters in New Guinea, and what these might tell us about the past)
Terry Hays (Rhode Island College)
Vernacular names for staple foods in Irian Jaya: Implications for agricultural prehistory.
Chris Ballard (ANU)
The idea of the garden: Social contexts for agricultural diffusion in the New Guinea Highlands.
Bryant Allen (ANU)
Environmental influences on the present-day distribution of languages and cultures north of the Sepik River

Material culture

Barry Craig (SA Museum)
What can material culture studies in Papua New Guinea tell us about the past?