Peer-reviewed International Journal for Oceanic Studies

Latest Issue (vol 32)

Current Issue

ARTICLES

Rodolfo Maggio
“Big Confusion”: The Land Question in Honiara and the History of Land Policy in Solomon Islands

Four layers of confusion obfuscate the issue of land in Gilbert Camp. First, residents ignore the intended representative of their residence rights. Second, they are confused regarding the “right” way to access land. Third, they do not know who the “real landowner” is. Fourth, the land boundary has changed continually since the foundation of Honiara. In this article, I try to clarify the confusing issue of land by looking at it from 3 perspectives: (1) The history of land policy in Solomon Islands reveals a long-standing neglect of the indigenous point of view regarding land; (2) ethnographic approaches illustrate how people react to such a dismissive attitude; and (3) the contemporary preference for patriliny among government officials exemplifies the tendency toward a form of “indigenous essentialism” in which the interests of policymakers and landowners converge. This article demonstrates that the issue of land is a legacy from the past that bears major consequences for the future of Solomon Islands.

Keywords: Oceania, Solomon Islands, land, “Ethnic Tensions,” internally displaced people (IDP), matrilineal systems, patrilineal systems, boundaries, narrative anthropology

People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 1–28, 2016

Hiromi Yoshida
“We Are All Relaxed”: Discursive Identities of Young Hawaiian Language Learners

By the 1960s, the Hawaiian language was on the verge of extinction, but the language has been revitalized through considerable efforts, beginning in the 1970s, to rebuild Hawaiian culture and identity. Political arguments concerning Hawaiian versus “Local” identity caused me to wonder about Hawaiian language learners' linguistic, ethnic, and cultural identities. In Hawai`i's multicultural, multiethnic, multilingual society, the term “Local” has been used to distinguish Hawai`i-born and raised people from other residents of Hawai`i. Locals are often marked as speakers of Pidgin or Hawai`i Creole. However, “Local” can also refer to opponents of Native Hawaiian identity in the community. Some scholars argue that this term's use covers ethnic tensions in Hawaiian society (e.g. Okamura, 2008). In this paper, I analyze how Hawaiian language learners with mixed ethnic backgrounds relate to these ethnic identifications discursively through their talk. I conducted semi-structured interviews with three college students who were taking Hawaiian language classes. I apply framing and footing as tools (Goffman, 1974, 1981) to examine how their discursive identities are constructed with the various ethnic and place-based markers. One participant identified himself as both Hawaiian and Local, supporting Okamura's argument that Hawaiians can have both native Hawaiian and Local identities without conflict (Okamura, 1994). Another participant was born in Hawai`i, but grew up elsewhere. She did not explicitly identify herself as Local, but did not deny that identity either. The third participant framed himself as a Native American and clearly distinguished that identity from being Hawaiian. Through the participants' talk, I discovered that racially identified Hawaiians and Locals, who were born and raised in Hawai`i, can afford special status as Hawaiians or Locals to non-Hawaiians and non-Locals. However, as one participant puts it, it is “fake” to speak with Locals in Pidgin. Thus, accepting the giving of Local status might be resisted by non-Locals.

Keywords: Hawai`i, Hawaiian language, Local, haole, identity, framing, footing, discourse analysis

People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 29–58, 2016

BOOK REVIEW

Akira Goto
Royal Hawaiian Featherwork: Nā Hulu Ali`i

Book Review:
Royal Hawaiian Featherwork: Nā Hulu Ali`i

By Leah Caldeira, Christina Hellmich, Adrienne L. Kaeppler,
Betty Lou Kam, and Roger G. Rose (eds.)
University of Hawai‘i Press, 2015, 284 pp.
ISBN: 978-0-8248-5587-1

People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 59–61, 2016

Rintaro Ono
The Lapita Cultural Complex in Time and Space:
Expansion Routes, Chronologies and Typologies

Book Review
The Lapita Cultural Complex in Time and Space:
Expansion Routes, Chronologies and Typologies
By Christophe Sand, Scarlett Chiu, and Nicholas Hogg (eds.)
Institute d'archaéologie de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et du Pacifique Noumea, 2015, 219 pp.
ISBN: 978-2-9541675-3-4

People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 63–69, 2016

Tomo Ishimura
Prehistoric Marine Resource Use in the Indo-Pacific Regions

Book Review
Prehistoric Marine Resource Use in the Indo-Pacific Regions
By Rintaro Ono, David Addison, and Alex Morrison (eds.)
Australian National University, Canberra, 2013, 204 pp.
ISBN: 978-1925021257 (paperback) 9781925021264 (e-book)

People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 71–74, 2016

ARCHIVES

Since volume 17, all contents have been provided as pdf files in CiNii, from 6 months after the publication.

Aims and scope

As the official journal of The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies, People and Culture in Oceania aims to publish original research and communications of scientific interest. The language of publication is English and the relevant scientific fields include physical and cultural anthropology, linguistics, prehistory and archaeology, human ecology, geography, ethnobotany, etc. The geographical regions of research are Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Australia, and Island Southeast Asia, although research on adjacent areas, e.g., Taiwan and the Malay Peninsula, is also acceptable when the theme is relevant to the interests of Oceanists. The journal will be issued annually, in December. The editor welcomes submissions of original papers and communications. Communications include brief reports on scientific research and methodology, notes and remarks of interest, and book reviews. All manuscripts will be subject to peer review.

Instructions to contributors

Manuscripts for PCO can be submitted throughout the year. Those that reach the Editor by April 30, 2017 June 15, 2017 will be considered for Volume 33.

  • Manuscripts submitted to the journal should not be simultaneously under consideration elsewhere.
  • Original papers should not exceed 30 text pages (single-space) in length at the time of submission. Communications should not exceed 8 pages.
  • The manuscript should include the title, an abstract not exceeding 300 words, and key words (fewer than 10 in number). An abstract is not necessary for a paper submitted as a Communication; however, if the contributor wishes, an abstract of about 100 words may be included.
  • Tables (with a brief explanatory heading) and figures should be prepared on separate sheets, and their approximate location should be indicated in the body of the text. Figures should be about twice the size desired for printing and suitable for reproduction. The heading of each figure should be typed on a separate sheet.
  • Reference citations and other details should follow the format of the papers published in previous issues. Please note that minor format changes were made in Vol. 22.
  • Submission in electronic form is encouraged. For the initial submission, send the manuscript to the Editor (pco [at] jsos.net) as attachment files in MS-Word and PDF formats. The electronic manuscript should be strictly anonymous. Authors should not identify themselves in the manuscript itself. Author's information (full name(s) of author(s), e-mail address(es), affiliation(s), a short running title, and the complete address of the person to whom the proofs are to be sent) as well as the title of the paper should be included in the body of the e-mail message.
  • To submit a manuscript by mail, send three hardcopies in the following form: typed double-spaced throughout on either A4 or letter size paper, with wide margins (at least 2.5 cm) at the sides as well as at the top and bottom of each page.
  • For the final manuscript of accepted submissions, a MS-Word RTF version of the text should be submitted together with either an electronic PDF version or a final hardcopy of the manuscript.
  • The editorial committee reserves the right to charge authors for extra costs such as for drawing figures, or necessary English editing.
  • Manuscripts and communications concerning editorial matters should be addressed to the editors (E-mail: pco[at]jsos.net), People ad Culture in Oceania.

    How to subscribe

    Membership in The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies (JSOS) is open to all individuals who are interested in people and culture in Oceania. The annual dues are 6,000 Yen (or US$ 20). Membership includes an annual subscription to People and Culture in Oceania. For non-members of JSOS, the subscription price per volume is 6,000 Yen (or US$ 40), including postage. Application for membership and subscription inquiries should be addressed to the secretary of the society:

    NIWA Norio (E-mail: secretary[at]jsos.net)
    National Museum of Ethnology
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    Editors

    UMEZAKI Masahiro (University of Tokyo, Japan)

    KUWAHARA Makiko (Kinjo Gakuin University, Japan)

    Editorial Board

    KURATA Makoto (Tokyo Medical University)

    NAKAZAWA Minato (Kobe University)

    NIWA Norio (National Museum of Ethnology)

    BABA Jun (Wako University)

    YAMAGUCHI Toru (Keio University)

    YAMAMOTO Matori (Hosei University)

    © 2015 Japan Society for Oceanic Studies