Latest Issue (vol 32)
Four layers of confusion obfuscate the issue of land in Gilbert Camp. First, residents ignore the intended representative of their residence rights. Second, they are confused regarding the right way to access land. Third, they do not know who the real landowner is. Fourth, the land boundary has changed continually since the foundation of Honiara. In this article, I try to clarify the confusing issue of land by looking at it from 3 perspectives: (1) The history of land policy in Solomon Islands reveals a long-standing neglect of the indigenous point of view regarding land; (2) ethnographic approaches illustrate how people react to such a dismissive attitude; and (3) the contemporary preference for patriliny among government officials exemplifies the tendency toward a form of indigenous essentialism in which the interests of policymakers and landowners converge. This article demonstrates that the issue of land is a legacy from the past that bears major consequences for the future of Solomon Islands.
Keywords: Oceania, Solomon Islands, land, Ethnic Tensions, internally displaced people (IDP), matrilineal systems, patrilineal systems, boundaries, narrative anthropology
People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 1–28, 2016
By the 1960s, the Hawaiian language was on the verge of extinction, but the language has been revitalized through considerable efforts, beginning in the 1970s, to rebuild Hawaiian culture and identity. Political arguments concerning Hawaiian versus Local identity caused me to wonder about Hawaiian language learners' linguistic, ethnic, and cultural identities. In Hawai`i's multicultural, multiethnic, multilingual society, the term Local has been used to distinguish Hawai`i-born and raised people from other residents of Hawai`i. Locals are often marked as speakers of Pidgin or Hawai`i Creole. However, Local can also refer to opponents of Native Hawaiian identity in the community. Some scholars argue that this term's use covers ethnic tensions in Hawaiian society (e.g. Okamura, 2008). In this paper, I analyze how Hawaiian language learners with mixed ethnic backgrounds relate to these ethnic identifications discursively through their talk. I conducted semi-structured interviews with three college students who were taking Hawaiian language classes. I apply framing and footing as tools (Goffman, 1974, 1981) to examine how their discursive identities are constructed with the various ethnic and place-based markers. One participant identified himself as both Hawaiian and Local, supporting Okamura's argument that Hawaiians can have both native Hawaiian and Local identities without conflict (Okamura, 1994). Another participant was born in Hawai`i, but grew up elsewhere. She did not explicitly identify herself as Local, but did not deny that identity either. The third participant framed himself as a Native American and clearly distinguished that identity from being Hawaiian. Through the participants' talk, I discovered that racially identified Hawaiians and Locals, who were born and raised in Hawai`i, can afford special status as Hawaiians or Locals to non-Hawaiians and non-Locals. However, as one participant puts it, it is fake to speak with Locals in Pidgin. Thus, accepting the giving of Local status might be resisted by non-Locals.
Keywords: Hawai`i, Hawaiian language, Local, haole, identity, framing, footing, discourse analysis
People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 29–58, 2016
Royal Hawaiian Featherwork: Nā Hulu Ali`i
By Leah Caldeira, Christina Hellmich, Adrienne L. Kaeppler,
Betty Lou Kam, and Roger G. Rose (eds.)
University of Hawai‘i Press, 2015, 284 pp.
People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 59–61, 2016
The Lapita Cultural Complex in Time and Space:
Expansion Routes, Chronologies and Typologies
By Christophe Sand, Scarlett Chiu, and Nicholas Hogg (eds.)
Institute d'archaéologie de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et du Pacifique Noumea, 2015, 219 pp.
People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 63–69, 2016
Prehistoric Marine Resource Use in the Indo-Pacific Regions
By Rintaro Ono, David Addison, and Alex Morrison (eds.)
Australian National University, Canberra, 2013, 204 pp.
ISBN: 978-1925021257 (paperback) 9781925021264 (e-book)
People and Culture in Oceania, 32: 71–74, 2016
Since volume 17, all contents have been provided as pdf files in CiNii, from 6 months after the publication.
As the official journal of The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies, People and Culture in Oceania aims to publish original research and communications of scientific interest. The language of publication is English and the relevant scientific fields include physical and cultural anthropology, linguistics, prehistory and archaeology, human ecology, geography, ethnobotany, etc. The geographical regions of research are Polynesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Australia, and Island Southeast Asia, although research on adjacent areas, e.g., Taiwan and the Malay Peninsula, is also acceptable when the theme is relevant to the interests of Oceanists. The journal will be issued annually, in December. The editor welcomes submissions of original papers and communications. Communications include brief reports on scientific research and methodology, notes and remarks of interest, and book reviews. All manuscripts will be subject to peer review.
Manuscripts for PCO can be submitted throughout the year. Those that reach the Editor by
April 30, 2017 June 15, 2017 will be considered for Volume 33.
Manuscripts and communications concerning editorial matters should be addressed to the editors (E-mail: pco[at]jsos.net), People ad Culture in Oceania.
Membership in The Japanese Society for Oceanic Studies (JSOS) is open to all individuals who are interested in people and culture in Oceania. The annual dues are 6,000 Yen (or US$ 20). Membership includes an annual subscription to People and Culture in Oceania. For non-members of JSOS, the subscription price per volume is 6,000 Yen (or US$ 40), including postage. Application for membership and subscription inquiries should be addressed to the secretary of the society:
NIWA Norio (E-mail: secretary[at]jsos.net) National Museum of Ethnology 10-1 Senri Expo Park, Suita, Osaka 565-8511 JAPAN
Subscription orders from overseas countries should be paid in U.S. currency by any of the following means:
UMEZAKI Masahiro (University of Tokyo, Japan)
KUWAHARA Makiko (Kinjo Gakuin University, Japan)
KURATA Makoto (Tokyo Medical University)
NAKAZAWA Minato (Kobe University)
NIWA Norio (National Museum of Ethnology)
BABA Jun (Wako University)
YAMAGUCHI Toru (Keio University)
YAMAMOTO Matori (Hosei University)